Our climate change pledges are designed to support the sector’s transformation through partnerships and innovation.

Climate Transition Plan

Our new Climate Transition Plan embodies our commitment to a more efficient and circular fashion industry capable of tackling the climate challenge. It is articulated around three lines of initiative:

/ Reduction, by using improved sources of energy, optimising energy management and promoting circularity and the use of preferred materials.

/ Neutralisation, acting both within and outside of the value chain, encouraging and accelerating regenerative practices and the application of other nature-based solutions. 

/ Mitigation beyond our value chain, focusing in particular on solutions conducive to community diversity and wellbeing. 

Scope 1, 2 and 3 GHG emissions

We are working tirelessly on solutions for lowering GHG emissions all along our value chain. Those efforts are concentrated around our Supply Chain Transformation Plan, our Fibres Plan, the rollout of circularity and efficiency programmes and ecosystem protection and conservation initiatives.

/ Transition towards renewable energy sources: since 2022, the electricity consumed in our facilities (headquarters and international offices, logistics centres, factories and stores) comes exclusively from renewable sources.

/ Fostering energy efficiency: we have reduced our relative energy consumption per square metre and per euro of sale by 19% and 40%, respectively, by comparison with 2018.

/ Integrating more sustainable processes in our supply chain: we are currently working to increase the use of preferred fibres (fibres with a better impact), contribute to organic and regenerative farming and support our suppliers.

/ Preserving ecosystems: we collaborate with international organisations dedicated to fostering regenerative farming and stockbreeding practices and to protecting and restoring ecosystems.

Energy consumption

In 2023 we consumed a total of 1,606,212 MWh of energy, of which 1,551,492 MWh came from renewable sources. That translates into a 19% reduction in our unit energy consumption per square metre by comparison with 2018.

Innovation in transport and distribution

We are partnering with firms of the calibre of Maersk, Atlas Air, Repsol, Renfe and Cepsa to reduce our transport carbon footprint and foster the use of alternative fuels. 

Water management

In 2023 we signed a commitment with CEO Water Mandate to preserve fresh water through collective action in 100 water-stressed river basins around the world by 2030.

Global strategy

Our Global Water Management Strategy is designed to ensure sustainable and efficient use of water across our value chain. Another relevant initiative is the work around our Green to Wear standard in order to expand knowledge about the water context in our supply chain.

Inditex operations

We consumed 1,767,463 cubic metres of water in our own facilities - head offices, factories, logistics centres and stores - a decrease of 1% from 2022. Initiatives such as the use of storm tanks made it possible to collect 35,356m3 of water, up 41% from 2022, for use in watering systems and toilets.

Supply chain

Mindful of the importance of wet processes in water management - dying, washing, finishing and printing, among others - carried out in our supply chain, in 2023 we implemented initiatives designed to reduce water consumption and improve wastewater quality:

Proposal for updates to our Green to Wear standard

Allows it to be adapted to the new  production processes, as well as to foster, to the extent possible, even greater savings in water usage.

Devising improvement plan

Developed in conjunction with wet process facilities to optimise water usage and improve the quality of wastewater discharges.

Publishing best practices

 In water management and in the improvement of discharge quality.

Creating a network of partner facilities

To implement measures and technologies derived from the innovation developed by the Group in collaboration with companies from various sectors and with the purpose of saving water and improving discharge quality.

By driving these initiatives, we were able to cut our supply chain’s unit water consumption by 20% by comparison with 2020 levels. Our commitment is to increase that percentage to 25% by 2025.

Any facilities that do not have the means to control their total water consumption or the itemised consumption of their machines cannot produce for us. By the same token, facilities that do not take measures to prevent the loss of water and introduce water reuse practices are not accepted into our supply chain.

In 2023, we added over 30 new measures for the production of textile and leather garments ranging from innovative technologies and chemical products to easy-to-implement, no-cost measures that help boost facility efficiency.

Research into how to prevent the release of microfibres

We also worked to prevent both synthetic and natural microfibres shedding in two areas of the value chain where their shedding its particularly prevalent: wet processes and at-home washing. One of the resulting projects is the Air Fiber Washer, developed in partnership with the Spanish firm, Jeanología, which makes it possible to extract a high percentage of microfibres before the garments are put on sale thanks to innovative air-based technology.

Biodiversity and ecosystems

At Inditex we are committed to protecting natural ecosystems s in all areas of our value chain, but also wherever it is important for the welfare of communities and for biodiversity itself.

We have new reference frameworks in place to guide and strengthen our work on biodiversity and ecosystems, such as the Science Based Targets Network (SBTN) and the Taskforce for Nature-related Financial Disclosure (TNFD). In this regard, we follow the AR3T (Avoid, Reduce, Restore & Regenerate, and Transform) framework, proposed by the SBTN, a comprehensive framework encompassing actions across five dimensions:


We take steps to avoid negative impacts on ecosystems of high biodiversity value such as primary forests and habitats for species in danger of extinction.


In 2023 we participated in a number of projects that are restoring damaged areas to as close to their original state as possible:

/ Restoration and conservation of ecosystems worldwide with WWF, including work to restore forests in Türkiye, Italy and Greece and to recover water basins and freshwater ecosystems in North Africa and in the Mekong River Delta in Vietnam. In Spain, we joined the new public-private initiative for mitigating the risk of forest fires rolled out by the regional government of Galicia in 2023. 

/ Restoration and protection of endangered fauna habitats, again with WWF, in South America and Mexico in a bid to conserve endangered native species such as the Monarch butterfly and the jaguar. In China, we are supporting projects in the Taihang-Yan Mountains and Amur-Heilong region to protect habitats of the leopard and Amur tiger, respectively.

/ Promotion of sustainable forestry: we are seeking to improve forest management via sustainable forestry practices. We embarked on this initiative in 2018 with our forest school project in Pico Sacro, in Spain. Since then we have developed similar showcase forests in a number of places: in Galicia, in partnership with the regional forestry association; in Portugal, with the Portuguese forestry association, Forestis; and in Castile-La Mancha, with WWF. 


We prioritise materials and production processes that reduce potential negative impacts on biodiversity.


We are working with the Regenerative Fund for Nature in partnership with Conservation International and the Kering Group, investing in innovative projects related with the raw materials we use. More specifically, in 2023 we supported two projects working to encourage regenerative practices in India and Pakistan through the Organic Cotton Accelerator (OCA), and a project focused on cattle breeding together with Fundación Solidaridad in Argentina’s Gran Chaco forest area. In India we supported the transition to regenerative practices and nature restoration in an area spanning 300,000 hectares in the states of Madhya Pradesh and Odisha, in partnership with Action Social Advancement (ASA), as well as the Laudes Foundation, IDH, The Sustainable Trade Initiative and WWF India.


Among the various initiatives carried out in 2023 we would highlight Business for Nature, through which we joined over 80 companies in calling on European leaders for an ambitious new EU Nature Restoration Law. Another good example is our endorsement of The Deforestation-Free Call to Action for Leather, a collective action initiative championed by the Textile Exchange and Leather Working Group (LWG) urging brands to source their cattle hides from deforestation-free suppliers by 2030 or earlier, investing in best practices to that end.


Our sustainability strategy covers our aim to progress towards a circular economy model that transforms waste into resources.

Not only is circularity a transformative aspect in our Company and industry, but it represents an opportunity to improve our long-term resilience and efficiency. That is why we endeavour to integrate it at every level of our organisation, from design and production processes to managing our stores, logistics and offices. Our flexible and innovative business model helps us to meticulously manage garment inventories to avoid surpluses. In 2022, our surpluses represented 0.79% of total articles sold.

To achieve this, we believe in innovation in materials, production processes and the use and end of life of our products. We base this innovation on collaboration with universities, startups, companies from different sectors and social organisations.

Sustainability Innovation Hub

In 2023 we continued to work on our Sustainability Innovation Hub (SIH), whose mission is to reduce the environmental impact of the raw materials and processes used in the textile industry. The platform expanded considerably in 2023, collaborating with over 350 start-ups (up from 200) working to develop new materials and better production processes and deliver improvements around traceability, packaging, product use and end of life.

The SIH also focused on catalysing pilot projects and demos in 2023. As a result, we carried out pilot tests for over 35 innovations and launched collections with a number of start-ups, including NILIT and CIRC at Zara Woman, and Circular Systems at Zara Home, marking the first milestones in our ongoing collaboration with those firms.

Some of the most exciting work done in 2023

We committed to buying this American start-up’s future production of cycora®, recycled polyester made 100% from textile waste, as part of a deal worth €70 million. In this manner, we will support the construction of its first commercial-scale textile regeneration factory, slated for 2025.

ReHubs Europe

We participated in the working groups set up by this international non-profit association devoted to the promotion of textile recycling, in collaboration with the European Apparel and Textile Confederation, EURATEX. The goal is to facilitate the development of industrial-capacity post-consumer textile waste recycling projects in Europe and related know-how.


Together with other apparel brands, Inditex founded a textile waste management association with the goal of creating a collective extended producer responsibility system (which aptly abbreviates to SCRAP in Spanish). In 2023, progress was made on defining the system’s governance and reporting aspects and its collection model. Inditex is participating in the various taskforces that have been set up.


Under the scope of an industry-pioneering research alliance initiated in 2019, BASF is producing recycled polyamide (CCycled and BMB Ultramid®) made from tyre waste (which cannot be reused in its own industry) and farming waste, respectively at commercial scale. We launched collections made from this polyamide: specifically, Oysho used CCycled Ultramid in certain garments.

Raw materials

We unveiled our Fibres Plan at our 2023 Annual General Meeting.  

That Plan’s overriding goal is to only use lower-impact raw materials by 2030 (fibres we call “preferred” fibres, in line with the definition used by benchmark organisations such as the Textile Exchange). 

In the last campaign of 2023, preferred raw materials accounted for 68% of total raw material consumption, marking year-on-year growth of 8 percentage points.  Ninety-six per cent of the cotton used last season was preferred cotton. 

In addition, 85% of the synthetic cellulosic fibres used last season were preferred fibres. The difficulties in sourcing preferred man-made cellulosic fibres in certain markets has hampered the execution of orders for preferred fabric in 2023.

When updating our sustainability commitments, we pledged that 40% of our textile fibres will be derived from conventional recycling in 2030, one of the milestones for reaching our larger goal of having 100% of our textile products made from lower-impact materials. In 2023, our products already had a recycled material content of 18% (2022: 13%).

We also formulated a guide for yarn containing mechanically recycled cotton fibre, mainly post-industrial cotton, to provide information about its possible uses and limitations. The idea behind the guide is to support our sales teams and suppliers, helping them take decisions about product design and sourcing.

Health and safety of products

In 2023 we launched Active to Wear, a product quality tool that defines minimum requirements for fabrics or garments labelled with a functional property that improves their performance if used in certain ways or activities, e.g., water repellent fabric or clothing.

We also published a new guide addressing best practices for manufacturing free from per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFAS or ‘forever chemicals’).

Last year we also updated our Clear to Wear (CtW) standard for regulatory developments and to align it with the ever-evolving Restricted Substances List.

In all, we have eight product standards with different scopes. Our Picking inspections programme allows us to ensure that our articles are made in keeping with our health and safety standards. In 2023, 60,685 inspections were made, entailing 821,934 tests and analyses.

Usage, end of life and waste management

At Inditex we want our customers to enjoy our products for a long time and we want them to be able to give them a second life when the time comes. Our Zara Pre-Owned platform, which we launched in 2022, provides repair services, customer-to-customer sales and donation options. At present, in line with our target of rolling this platform out in all our key markets by 2025, Zara Pre-Owned is available in 16 markets. 

Our clothing collection programme recovered a total of 20,259 tonnes of clothing and footwear in 2023 for donation to our partners. In 2023, our partners reported to us that 67% of the garments received was reused through donations or resale to finance charitable projects and 33% was sent for recycling.

Another pioneering project was the launch in 2022 of The Laundry by Zara Home in collaboration with BASF: the first detergent designed specifically to reduce microfibre release during clothes washing. In 2023 we extended the patent to Canada, the US and Brazil.

Thanks to the our teams’ efforts, in 2023 we managed to find alternative solutions for all single-use plastics that used to end up in customers’ hands. We estimate that the use of these alternative solutions has allowed us to eliminate 95% of our single-use plastics.

As for waste management, 100% of the waste generated in our facilities (corporate head offices, logistics centres, proprietary factories and stores) is collected, sorted and managed by an authorised handler so as to permit its reuse or recycling and ensure it does not end up in a landfill.

Indeed in 2023, 100% of the board and paper collected in our facilities, mainly boxes, was sent for reuse and/or recycling. In addition, framed by our intent to always do more, we are introducing a system whereby online Zara shoppers can choose whether they would like to receive their orders in a recycled box.